Monday, September 23, 2013

Six Degrees of separation The Edmund (Edmun) Downs Family Part 3



I was able to locate the Edmund Downs children in the 1878 Pike County in Holmesville School census. The following is the transcribed information.

CHILDREN
AGE
SEX
PARENT/ GUARDIAN Edmund Downs
Richard
19
M
Ann
17
F
Thomas
15
M
Mary
11
F
Edmund
5
M
Buckhaltter  Milford
16
M
Buckhalter  Jerimiah
(Jerry)
12
M
Buckhalter  W
8
M






The homestead of Edmun Downs was also identified in 1880 Federal Agriculture Census located on line 6 and Frank Brumfield on line 9. 



From the labor contract, population and agriculture census and school records, I have been able to identify the Edmond Downs family and break down the 1870 brick wall.

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Going to School


It was through school records that I looked for genealogy information.  In previous posts, I made some connections in the Brumfield tree. In the segregated post Civil War south, racial designation of colored and white are present in many records. School records were not an exception. The geographic locality of many families can often be found by race in the school records. I have started my research with Pike County, Mississippi school reports.


This division of races has helped me find information. The of Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandon Lands established in March, 1865 to April, 1872   was established to help impecunious survivors of the Civil War.  The Freedman’s Bureau helped launch early schools. Pre-Civil War laws precluded slave education which increased dependency to the slaveholder.  Literacy allows autonomy that is beyond the physical ties of slavery. 


1870 CENSUS

County
COLORED POPULATION
COLORED MALES 10-14 WHO CANNOT WRITE

COLORED FEMALES 10-14 WHO CANNOT WRITE

COLORED MALES 15-20 WHO CANNOT WRITE

COLORED FEMALES 15-20 WHO CANNOT WRITE

COLORED MALES 21 AND OVER WHO CANNOT WRITE

COLORED FEMALES 21 AND OVER WHO CANNOT WRITE
PIKE
5,312
363
340
292
336
872
945


 Many families including their children had signed labor contracts and initially did not attend school.  The necessities of life food, clothing and shelter were the priorities at that time. I however, was able to find family trees and branches in latter school records.    


1870 CENSUS

County
COLORED POPULATION
COLORED MALES ATTENDING SCHOOL
COLORED FEMALES ATTENDING SCHOOL
Pike
5,312
33
45